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As First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Nikita Khrushchev's authority was significantly enhanced by Malenkov's demotion. Similar parades take place in all major Russian cities and cities with the status Hero City or City of Military Glory. A huge military parade, hosted by the President of Russia, is annually organised in Moscow on Red Square. On 24 December, Yeltsin informed the Secretary-General of the United Nations that by agreement of the member states of the CIS the Russian Federation would assume the membership of the Soviet Union in all UN organs (including the Soviet Union's permanent seat on the UN Security Council). [7] The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on 3 March 1918, giving away much of the border lands in the west of the former Russian Empire to the German Empire (Germany) in exchange for peace during the last year of the rest of World War I. On October 25, 1917 (O.S. The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was a republic of the Soviet Union. The Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Union Republics (Russian: Сою́зные Респу́блики, tr. The Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was an autonomous republic within the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic that existed from 26 August 1920 until 15 June 1925 on the territory of the Kazakh Khanate, when it took the name of Kazakh Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic, based on the autonym Kazakh. The Russian SFSR was controlled by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, until the abortive 1991 August coup, which prompted President Yeltsin to suspend the recently created Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. The Karelo-Finnish SSR was transferred back to the RSFSR as the Karelian ASSR in 1956. After the failure of GKChP, in the presence of Gorbachev, on 23 August 1991, Yeltsin signed a decree suspending all activity by the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR in the territory of Russia. Home to many ethnic groups, Russia is also one of the most diverse countries on Earth. Internationally, the RSFSR was recognized as an independent state in 1920 only by bordering neighbors of Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania in the Treaty of Tartu and by the short-lived Irish Republic in Ireland.[18]. One of the important political and military power in the world, the Soviet Union was surrounded with Norway, Finland, the Baltic Sea, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania in the west and the Black Sea, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea in the south. The international borders of the RSFSR touched Poland on the west; Norway and Finland of Scandinavia on the northwest; and to its southeast in eastern Asia were the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), Mongolian People's Republic (Mongolia) and the People's Republic of China (China, formerly the Republic of China; 1911–1949). The status of the southernmost Kurils, north of Hokkaido of the Japanese home islands remains in dispute with Japan and the United States following the peace treaty of 1951 ending the state of war. Since 1917, Lenin had encountered opposition from Bukharin, Radek, Zinoviev, Kamenev, and especially Trotsky. The Gorbachev regime failed to address these fundamental goals. On 30 December 1922, with the treaty on the creation of the Soviet Union, Russia, alongside the Transcaucasian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian SSR formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The public holidays for the Russian SFSR included Defender of the Fatherland Day (23 February), which honors Russian men, especially those serving in the army; International Women's Day (8 March), which combines the traditions of Mother's Day and Valentine's Day; Spring and Labor Day (1 May); Victory Day; and like all other Soviet republics, the Great October Socialist Revolution (7 November). Under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin (1870–1924) and Leon Trotsky (1879–1940), the Bolshevik communists established the Soviet state on 7 November [O.S. The document, consisting of a preamble and fourteen articles, stated that the Soviet Union no longer existed "as a subject of international law and geopolitical reality". For most of the Soviet Union's existence, it was commonly referred to as Russia, even though technically Russia itself was only one republic within the larger union of 15 republics—albeit by far the largest, most powerful and most highly developed. The parliament then declared Yeltsin deposed and appointed Aleksandr Rutskoy acting president on 22 September. Meaning of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. With the 1917 October Revolution, in other words, the USSR, which was established with the Bolshevik Revolution, was a force against the United States during the Cold War. By 1961, it was the third largest producer of petroleum due to new discoveries in the Volga-Urals region[12] and Siberia, trailing in production to only the United States and Saudi Arabia. Activation of nationalists and the introduction of the principles of Glasnost (Openness) and Perestroika (the reorganization of the political system, the state organization, and the governmental organs) were the factors that formally disseminated the USSR at the end of 1991 following 6 years of reform. Information and translations of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The capital of the Russian SFSR was Moscow and the other major urban centers included Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk, Gorky and Kuybishev. But since the reform resulted in the elimination of animals and yield, the collective farms were allowed to own a garden, a cow, small ruminants and poultry (March 1930) and to sell surpluses in the market (May 1932). The 1978 RSFSR Constitution was amended several times to reflect the transition to democracy, private property and market economy. The central committee consisted of twenty members elected at the party congress. On 12 June 1991, Boris Yeltsin (1931–2007), supported by the Democratic Russia pro-reform movement, was elected the first and only President of the RSFSR, a post that would later become the presidency of the Russian Federation. [19] This name and Russia were specified as the official state names on 21 April 1992, an amendment to the then existing Constitution of 1978 and were retained as such in the subsequent 1993 Constitution of Russia. The final Soviet name for the constituent republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, was adopted in the later Soviet Constitution of 1936. On 10 July 1918, the Russian Constitution of 1918 renamed the country the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. On 25 January 1918, the third meeting of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets renamed the unrecognised state the Russian Soviet Republic. 1 History Suppose 2 Ideology 3 List of Russian Greater SFSR leaders 4 Map When he came to power he was very nationalist and defended a radical stalinist stance on socialism. In July 1918, a constitution was adopted in the 5th Congress of the Soviets, which would set an example for the 1924 and 1936 constitutions. Many of the companies of the USSR are located here: Arkhangelsk Tank Plant, Citizens Shipyard, Krasna Aerospace, Krasny Motory, Mikevich-Gurevoyan … The collapse of production as a result of the First World War and the civil war resulted in the death of millions of people in the 1921 famine and the rebellion of Kronstadt sailors. The country, officially the Russian Federation, which is commonly referred to as Russia, is located partly in Eastern Europe and partly in North Asia; it borders the Arctic Ocean to the north. In this period, great efforts were made in the formation of industrial infrastructure and in the electrification of the industry. 1991 N169 "On activity of the CPSU and the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR", Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR, [rɐˈsʲijskəjə sɐˈvʲɛtskəjə fʲɪdʲɪrɐˈtʲivnəjə sətsɨəlʲɪˈsʲtʲitɕɪskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə], including UN membership and permanent membership on the Security Council, with the treaty on the creation of the Soviet Union, First Congress of the Soviets of the USSR, Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic, Karakalpak Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic, Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Congress of People's Deputies of the Republic, Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian SFSR, Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR, Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War, Bibliography of Stalinism and the Soviet Union, Bibliography of the Post Stalinist Soviet Union, "Law of the USSR of March 13, 1990 N 1360-I 'On the establishment of the office of the President of the USSR and the making of changes and additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the USSR, log of the meeting of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on February 19, 1954, The Free Dictionary Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, "Petroleum Geology and Resources of the Volga-Ural Province, U.S.S.R.", "Gorbachev is Ready to Resign as Post-Soviet Plan Advances", "On renaming of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic", Закон Российской Федерации от 21 апреля 1992 года № 2708-I «Об изменениях и дополнениях Конституции (Основного Закона) Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики», "On the national flag of the Russian SFSR", Law "On Amendments and Additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Russian SFSR", Full Texts and All Laws Amending Constitutions of the Russian SFSR, annexation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Russian_Soviet_Federative_Socialist_Republic&oldid=988838275, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1917, States and territories disestablished in 1991, 1991 disestablishments in the Soviet Union, Articles containing Russian-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2014, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The final name for the republic during the Soviet era was adopted by the Russian Constitution of 1937, which renamed it the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. With Lenin’s death in January 1924, Trotsky began to direct his opposition to Josef Stalin, the general secretary of the party. On October 25, 1917 (O.S. [2] [3] In the late 1917, the TSFR was cut off from the RSFSR by the revolt of the Orenburg Cossacks , but held out, despite being surrounded by hostile states, until the arrival of the Red Army in September 1919 after the Counteroffensive of Eastern Front . Media in category "Flags of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic" The following 21 files are in this category, out of 21 total. Russia is a country with a very long history; it was a powerful empire that was toppled down by a revolution. This version of the flag was used from 1954 all the way to 1991, where it was changed due to the collapse of the Soviet Union. The final name for the republic during the Soviet era was adopted by the Russian Constitution of 1937, which renamed it the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Paragraph 3 of Chapter 1 of the 1925 Constitution of the RSFSR stated the following:[22]. The first major performance of the Bolshevik Party was to withdraw Russia from the war with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The whites were defeated by the rivalry among their allies, despite all their help. Novorossiysk (Russian: Новоросси́йск; Adyghe: Цӏэмэз, Ts'emez) is a major city in Krasnodor Krai, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union. [35][citation needed]. Flag map of Russian SFSR (1956–1991).svg 1,037 × … The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian: , Translit. The Kazakh ASSR and Kirghiz ASSR were transformed into the Kazakh SSR (Kazakhstan) and Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (Kyrgyzstan). On 25 January 1918, at the third meeting of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets, the unrecognized state was renamed the Russian Soviet Republic. With the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia, the USSR has become the world’s largest country with a surface area of 22.402.400 km². While Trotsky and those around him argued that the revolution could only succeed if it spread all over the world, Stalin and his supporters first thought of the successful establishment of Socialism within the borders of the Soviet Union and the connection of the International to this politics. For other uses, see, • Russian SFSR renamed into the Russian Federation, Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, Autonomous Republics within the Russian SFSR, Российская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика. The original states of the USSR were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. As many pictures and media files as possible should be moved into appropriate subcategories. This flag had always been intended to be temporary, as it was changed less than a year after its adoption. The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Transcaucasian SFSR or TSFSR), also known as the Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, was a republic of the Soviet Union that existed from 1922 to 1936.. On 3 March 1944, on the orders of Stalin, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was disbanded and its population forcibly deported upon the accusations of collaboration with the invaders and separatism. [33] That same night, the Soviet flag was lowered and replaced with the tricolor. Bolsheviks collided with the Red Army, led by Leon Trotsky, who had been constantly renewed for many years, backed by large and foreign states. [15] On 12 June 1990, the Congress of People's Deputies adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty, established separation of powers (unlike in the Soviet form of government), established citizenship of Russia and stated that the RSFSR shall retain the right of free secession from the USSR. The change was originally published on 6 January 1992 (Rossiyskaya Gazeta). was commonly used and shared with other Soviet republics. It is the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic's main port on the Black Sea and the leading Russian port for importing grain. The treaty was included in the 1924 Soviet Constitution,[clarification needed] adopted on 31 January 1924 by the Second Congress of Soviets of the USSR. After 1993, when the Soviet form of government was officially dissolved in the Russian Federation, the final flag of the Russian Federation was changed to the original civil ensign with its original 2:3 proportions. On 25 December—just hours after Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union—the Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation (Russia), reflecting that it was now a sovereign state with Yeltsin assuming the Presidency. [8] By 1918, during the subsequent Russian Civil War several states within the former Russian Empire seceded, reducing the size of the country even more. Rostov-on-Don (Russian: Ростóв-на-Донý, tr. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR.Other major urban centers were … On 29 May 1990, at his third attempt, Boris Yeltsin was elected the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR. [13] In 1974, there were 475 institutes of higher education in the republic providing education in 47 languages to some 23,941,000 students. On 12 December, the agreement was ratified by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR by an overwhelming majority: 188 votes for, 6 against and 7 abstentions[25]. The former entailed implementing fiscal and monetary policies that promote economic growth in an environment of stable prices and exchange rates. Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. [11], Roughly 70% of the area in the RSFSR consisted of broad plains, with mountainous tundra regions mainly concentrated in the east of Siberia with Central Asia and East Asia. Its original name was the Kirgiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. "CYKA BLYAT POLAN IS OF RETARD!!" The aim of this collectivization was to increase productivity through manual mechanization in agriculture and to release manual labor. File:Flag of Russian SFSR (1937–1954).svg (file redirect) File:Flag of the Russian SFSR (1937-1954).svg (file redirect) Template:Country data Russia; File:Flag of the Russian SFSR 1937-1954.svg (file redirect) File:Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1937-1954).svg (file redirect) Template:Country data Russia The last Soviet-era flag was adopted by the Russian SFSR in 1954 and used until 1991. This is a main category requiring frequent diffusion and maybe maintenance . It happened immediately after the interim Russian Provisional Government, most recently led by opposing democratic socialist Alexander Kerensky (1881–1970), which governed the new Russian Republic after the overthrow of the Russian Empire government of the Romanov imperial dynasty of Czar Nicholas II the previous March, was now itself overthrown during the following October Revolution, the second of the two Russian Revolutions that turbulent year of 1917 during World War I. Destination Russia, a Nations Online Project Profile of the world's largest country. Soyúznye Respúbliki) were ethnically based administrative units of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). RSFSR — Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic (RossiĭskaâSocialistiĉeskaâ Federativnaâ Sovetskaâ Respublika | РоссийскаяСоциалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика). The Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic is also known as the Soviet Union or the USSR, which was established on the same territory after the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917 with the great October Revolution.. Geography of the Soviet Union. The agreement declared dissolution of the USSR by its original founding states (i.e., renunciation of the 1922 Treaty on the Creation of the USSR) and established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) as a loose confederation. On 30 December 1922, the First Congress of the Soviets of the USSR approved the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR, by which Russia was united with the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic and Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic into a single federal state, the Soviet Union. Russia, officially the Russian Federation, is a vast country extending from Eastern Europe throughout Northern Asia up to North America.It is by far the largest country in the world by area, covering 22.3 million square kilometres, or more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, spanning thirteen time zones, and bordering sixteen sovereign nations. However, the Soviet Union, officially Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, is now a defunct government that split into the Russian Federation and several other small countries. The capital was Moscow, then and now the capital of Russia. The name of the country was changed to the Soviet Socialist Republic and these autonomies was recognized by the 1924 Constitution. All-Russian Congress of Soviets (1917 (in Julian calendar), 1938, Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic) Supreme Soviet of Russia (1938, 1990) Congress of People's Deputies of Russia (Supreme Soviet of Russia, Council of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, 1990, 1991) On 25 December 1991, following the resignation of Gorbachev as President of the Soviet Union (and former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union), the Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation. Stalin, also supported by Zinoviev and Kamenev, took the presidency of the Council of Military Revolution from Trotsky. Two fundamental and interdependent goals—macroeconomic stabilization and economic restructuring—led the transition from central planning to a market-based economy. On 8 December 1991, at Viskuli near Brest (Belarus), Yeltsin, Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Belarusian leader Stanislau Shushkevich signed the "Agreement on the Establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States", known in media as the Belavezha Accords. In this system, the Central Committee, which governed the Party, elected the personnel of the organization and political offices. It had no name until January 25, 1918, when it became the Soviet Russian Republic. since publication on May 16, 1992[34]. Rutskoy, Ruslan Khasbulatov, and the other parliamentary supporters surrendered and were immediately arrested and jailed. Definition of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the Definitions.net dictionary. On April 21, 1992, the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia approved the renaming of the RSFSR into the Russian Federation, by making appropriate amendments to the Constitution, which entered into force The Russian Soviet Republic was proclaimed on 7 November 1917 (October Revolution) as a sovereign state and the world's first constitutionally socialist state guided by communist ideology. Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic General Type: Federal Marxist-Leninist One-Party Soviet Socialist Republic Legislative branch: Council of Ministers (1946–1978) Council of Ministers–Government (1978–1991) Affiliation: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. At the end of this treaty, Russia had to leave Finland, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Batumi, Kars and Ardahan. This is a main category requiring frequent diffusion and maybe maintenance . At the time of the revolution, Russia was on the side of the Entente States during the First World War. At a total of about 17,125,200 km (6,612,100 sq mi), the Russian SFSR was the largest of its fifteen republics, with its southerly neighbor, the Kazakh SSR, being second. The Turkestan Soviet Federative Republic was officially proclaimed on April 30, 1918. With the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia, the USSR has become the world’s largest country with a surface area of … The rich peasants were liquidated (by the end of 1929) and the peasant masses were allowed to participate in the collective farming farms by pressure. As many pictures and media files as possible should be moved into appropriate subcategories. The second flag had the letters РСФСР (RSFSR) written in yellow within the canton and encased within two yellow lines forming a right angle. The Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic is also known as the Soviet Union or the USSR, which was established on the same territory after the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917 with the great October Revolution. The native Soviet Russian national personification is Mother Russia. The economy of Russia became heavily industrialized, accounting for about two-thirds of the electricity produced in the USSR. The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, commonly referred to as Soviet Russia, the Russian Federation, or simply Russia, is the largest, most populous, and most highly economically developed republic of the Soviet Union. After the death of Joseph Stalin, 5 March 1953, Georgy Malenkov became the new leader of the USSR. The state it governed, which did not have an official name, would be unrecognized by neighboring countries for another five months. Therefore, he decided to collectivize agriculture. After the revolution, it became a state of the Soviet Union in 1922. It is important to look at the history of Russia, to understand the difference between Russia and the Soviet Union. Two-Thirds of the Central Committee, which existed as a Union Republic within Russian! 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